- The three categories of art in Art Brut
- The history and origins of Art Brut
- The characteristics of Art Brut
- The artists associated with Art Brut
- The influence of Art Brut
- The reception of Art Brut
- The legacy of Art Brut
- The future of Art Brut
- Art Brut in relation to other art movements
- The significance of Art Brut
Art brut is a term coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art that is outside the mainstream.
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The three categories of art in Art Brut
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The history and origins of Art Brut
Art Brut, or outsider art, is art produced by people who are not trained as artists and are therefore considered to be outside the mainstream art world. The term was coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet in the 1940s, and it has been used to describe a wide range of art from all over the world.
There are three main categories of Art Brut: folk art, child art, and art made by people with mental illness or other psychological disorders. Folk art includes any kind of traditional or handmade art, such as quilts, baskets, carvings, and pottery. Child art is any kind of artwork created by children, often without any adult supervision or guidance. Art made by people with mental illness or other psychological disorders is sometimes called “psychic” or “visionary” Art Brut.
The characteristics of Art Brut
When Dubuffet coined the term Art Brut in 1945, he was reactor to the then-current artistic scene, which he felt had become based on false values. The art of his day was too academic, too selfie-conscious. He wanted to create an art that would express the “raw” creativity of the artist, an art that would be true to its own materials and that would not be concerned with any outside standards or norms. In so doing, he hoped to revive an essential aspect of human nature that had been stifled by modern life.
In order to achieve this goal, Dubuffet advocated for an art that would be characterized by three things: first, it would be made by people who were not trained as artists; second, it would not concern itself with outside aesthetics or artistic conventions; and third, it would be intuitive and spontaneous, expressive of the innermost emotions and thoughts of the artist.
The artists associated with Art Brut
The artists associated with Art Brut were often people who had little or no formal training in art, and who created their works outside the boundaries of the official art world. Sometimes their work was influenced by popular culture or everyday life, and sometimes it was developed entirely independently.
The term “Art Brut” was first coined by the French artist Jean Dubuffet in 1945, and is used to describe art that is raw, unpretentious, and uninfluenced by mainstream conventions. Dubuffet believed that Art Brut represented a purer form of artistic expression, and he amassed a large collection of works by outsider artists.
Today, the term “Art Brut” is used somewhat differently, and is often used to describe any type of art that exists outside the mainstream art world. However, the term still retains its original meaning for many people, and continues to be associated with artists who are outside the mainstream.
The influence of Art Brut
Art Brut, or “raw art,” is a style and an artistic movement that emerged in the late 1940s in reaction to the conventions of mainstream art. The term was coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art that is created outside the boundaries of culture and tradition, often by people who are considered to be “untouched” by artistic training or influence.
Art Brut artists are often seen as visionary outsiders who tap into a more primal and honest expression of themselves. Their art is sometimes strange or disturbing, but always intensely personal.
The three main categories of Art Brut are folk art, naïve art, and outsider art. Folk art includes traditional folk forms like quilting, woodcarving, and needlework. Naïve art is characterized by its childlike simplicity and innocence, while outsider art is often created by people who are outside the mainstream culture for one reason or another—including mental illness, physical disability, or social isolation.
The reception of Art Brut
Art Brut, or “raw art,” is a term coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art that is uninfluenced by mainstream culture or academic training. Dubuffet believed that such art was more authentic and expressive than the work of trained artists.
Art Brut has been categorized into three different types:
1) Art made by mentally ill or disabled patients in hospital settings. This type of Art Brut was championed by psychiatrist and collector Dr. Hans Prinzhorn, who believed that such art could be therapeutic for its creators.
2) Art made by prisoners, which often takes the form of graffiti or body art. This type of Art Brut is often seen as a form of rebellion against the constraints of prison life.
3) Art made by children, which is often seen as innocent and naive. This type of Art Brut is sometimes referred to as “naive art.”
The legacy of Art Brut
The three categories of art in Art Brut were “raw art,” “transgressive art,” and “intellectual art.” Art Brut was a term coined by the artist Jean Dubuffet to describe artwork that is produced outside the boundaries of traditional artistic conventions. This type of art is often seen as being more pure and authentic than other types of art, as it is not tainted by the influence of commercial or academic institutions.
The future of Art Brut
Art Brut, which translates to “raw art,” is a term coined by the French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art that is made outside of the mainstream art world. This type of art is often seen as unsophisticated or crude, but Dubuffet believed that it was actually more genuine and authentic than what was being produced by the art establishment.
There are three categories of Art Brut:
1) Art brut primitif: This category includes art made by people who have had little or no formal training. It is often characterized by childlike simplicity and naïveté.
2) Art brut underground: This category includes art made by people who are outside of the mainstream art world but who are aware of it and are influenced by it. This type of Art Brut is often more sophisticated and complex than Art brut primitif.
3) Art brut erotique: This category includes art that is sexually explicit or suggestive. It is often seen as shocking or controversial.
Art Brut in relation to other art movements
Art Brut was a term coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art that is created outside of the traditional art world, often by people who have not had formal training. This type of art is sometimes seen as raw or unfinished, and it often has an emotional or outsider quality to it. Art Brut can be contrasted with other art movements such as Abstract Expressionism or Pop Art, which were created within the traditional art world by trained artists.
The significance of Art Brut
Art brut, often described as “raw art,” is the product of an untrained artist, typically one who is mentally ill or otherwisemarginalized in society. The term was first coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet in 1945 to describe art created outside the boundaries of official culture. Dubuffet believed that traditional art was too concerned with aesthetics and failed to represent the true nature of human experience. Art brut, by contrast, offered a more authentic account of the world and was thus more valuable.
While Dubuffet’s definition of art brut was broad, it generally encompassed three main categories: folk art, Outsider art, and children’s art. Folk art is artifacts or architecture created by anonymous peasants or other members of the working class. Outsider art is produced by self-taught artists who are typically isolated from mainstream culture. And children’s art refers to drawings or paintings made by youngsters without adult supervision or intervention.
While Dubuffet’s ideas about raw art were influential, they were also controversial. Many critics argued that his definition was too restrictive and that it excluded artists who were not mentally ill or marginalized. Others praised him for championing artwork that had been previously overlooked or dismissed. Today, the term “art brut” is used more broadly to describe any type of outsider or folk art.